Commonly Used Cannabis Terms
Nicole E. From Greenwich, CT asks;
WHAT ARE COMMON CANNABIS TERMS AND WHAT DO THEY MEAN?
Since some states have legalized Marijuana for recreational use, it's left many people confused as to what some of the terms mean. This is a great question for that reason so below I compiled a super basic list of common Cannabis terms you may hear when shopping for CBD products.
Cannabis: Is basically the mother of it all, in the Cannabaceae family. Hemp and marijuana are both strains of Cannabis. It's widely assumed that Cannabis means marijuana which is known for getting you high but Hemp is also under the Cannabis family and most strains of hemp can not get you high.
Marijuana: AKA weed, Grass, Smoke, Pot, Ganja, Dope, Herb and my favorite The Devils Lettuce (LOL). Marijuana is a cannabis plant and it's typically pretty high in THC, which is a psychoactive and produces a high feeling. It also has other compounds like CBD but the strains often determine which cannabinoids it does or doesn't have. If someone says they smoked and got high... it was from Marijuana.
Hemp: Now this one will not get you high, especially industrial hemp which is designed to be so low in THC (0.3% or under) that it can't have this effect on you. Hemp does how ever have many other cannabinoids like the beneficial CBD. Hemp has also been popular for its uses in making clothing, rope, food, insulation and even biofuel.
Terpenes: A natural compound responsible for the enchanting aroma of the flower aka bud. Like CBD, there are a variety of terpenes which all have their own health benefits. You can often find Terpenes in Oil Tinctures like Full Spectrum.
CBD: Is short for Cannabidoil, one of 113 Cannabinoids found in Cannabis Plants. CBD and other cannabinoids have been found to be helpful with stress, anxiety, pain and inflammation. CBD is non psychoactive and can not induce a high like state by itself.
THC: AKA Tetrahydrocannabinol, is a psychoactive cannabinoid responsible for the high or stoned feeling you get by smoking or ingesting marijuana. Although it is often feared for this reason, THC can have many health benefits as well like increasing appetites for those undergoing chemotherapy and certain strains have been shown helpful for people suffering from sleep disorders. Of course it's best to speak with a doctor before using products with THC.
Indica: Originating from Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent, Indica is a subspecies of the Cannabis Plant. Generally this species has a faster cultivation period and more dense buds then Sativas. The benefits of Indica have been studied for helping with sleep issues, pain, stress and loss of appetite.
Sativa: Like Indica is a subspieces of the Cannabis plant as well. Originating from Mexico, Southern Africa and Thailand. This substrain can sometimes take twice as long to reach full harvest times. It's best known for it's uplifting and energetic feelings and helping with things like depression and fatigue.
Hybrid: This is a broad term often used to describe two parent plants, one sativa and one indica that were combined to create a new subspieces. Usually with specific strains with great qualities are used to try to make a "super weed".
Strains: These are basically the sub, subspecies. I know this can get confusing but just like how there 90 species of Lillies, there are estimated to be 779 different strains of Cannabis that have been named and recognized in the Cannabis Community.
Distillate: CBD distillate specifically is a highly refined extract from cannabis in the form of an oil. General market ones (not from a dispensary) are typically still pretty low in THC but high in CBD and other cannabinoids. This is often what's used to make full spectrum oils.
Isolate: The term isolate originates from it's meaning, isolated. In the cannabis world it's referring to CBD as an isolated compound. No more, no less. It's a pure concentration of CBD usually 99.9% pure. CBD isolate comes in a powder or crystal form and is used to make tinctures, topicals, gummies and more.
Tincture: AKA CBD oil is an extract of a plant then added to a carrier oil to dilute it then used as a supplement for health purposes. Tinctures have been around since 3100 BCE when Ancient Egypt would soak herbs in alcohol thus extracting the beneficial properties. Many plants have been used over time for health benefits but in the cannabis community the term tincture is generally a CBD or CBD and THC oil that you use as a dietary supplement. A few drops under the tongue is generally how most use it but if you're not a fan of the taste, you can of course add it to your food as well. You can find tinctures aka CBD oil in small glass bottles with a little dropper.
Full Spectrum: this means that the oil or the product, contains all the cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant in nature, rather than just CBD. It's also usually full of terpenes as well. If you purchased the product from anywhere other than a dispensary or the black market, it will only contain less than 0.3% THC which is considered "THC free" because it's such a small amount.
Well I hope this was a good quick little break down of the commonly used terms in the CBD world. Don't forget, if you have a question about cannabis and want to be featured, just email me at firstname.lastname@example.org If your question is chosen, I'll reach out to you!
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